What is an Electronic Cigarette?
One of the most controversial inventions of the 21st century is “e-Cigarette (Electronic Cigarette)”. The brain child of Mr. Herbert A. Gilbert, “e-Cigarette” made headlines in the early 1960s (caused a great deal of murmur and curiosity all around the smoking society) was credited for being smokeless and tobacco free Cigarette. Though many companies were interested in marketing and manufacturing, this wonder product and Mr. Herbert was approached with remarkable lucrative offers, the product vanished into thin air in 1967 only to resurface almost three decades after, in china. A pharmacist in China named Hon Lik designed the first e-Cigarette that was marketed by “Golden Dragon Holdings”, where Mr. Hon Lik worked as an employee. Later “Golden Dragon Holdings” became “Ruyan” (the name is a Chinese word that means ‘resembling smoking’). Though designed by Mr. Hon Lik in 2000, Electronic Cigarette was first marketed and sold in the Chinese market in May 2004 and Ruyan has accredit to be the first company to export e-Cigarette in 2005 and got the first International patent in 2007.
The first generation Electronic Cigarette invented and designed by Mr. Hon Lik was outsmarted and outclassed by the second generation Electronic Cigarette launched in 2008. The credit goes to another Chinese ‘Dr. Yunqiang Xin’ who invented, designed and introduced the second generation e-Cigarette. The second generation e-Cigarette is considered, the Modern Electronic Cigarette, till date. The modern e-Cigarette has a built-in sealed tank and sealed atomizer known as ‘Tankomizer’.
Usually an e-Cigarette has the following four components:
- Tank to Hold Liquid
- Plastic Cartridge
‘e-Liquid’, most often called by its other name ‘e-Juice’ is a vapour producing a liquid that is either a solution of vegetable glycerin or propylene glycol or polyethylene glycol 400 (these are all well known food additives and widely used).
A plastic container, small in size and called within ‘Cartridge’ serves both as a mouthpiece and a liquid reservoir. The liquid is allowed to flow to the atomizer and the vapour produced there gets back to the mouth of the user through the cartridge. Many modifications and renovations of the cartridge have been done since its inception.
An atomizer is placed strategically at the centre of the other three components. It is a wick made of silica and a single filament.
Though the companies producing and marketing e-Cigarette, claim it to be a nicotine free, harmless, and a healthy alternative to normal cigarettes, there has been a controversy for long regarding the safety and efficacy of electronic cigarettes over normal cigarettes. Whether modern e-Cigarettes is really an effective and healthy replacement for normal Cigarettes, is yet to be established.
Published by: Deon Marc on Mar 07 2013
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